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ESPON-TITAN – Natural hazards, economic impacts and approaches to innovative risk management in Europe

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Image of rock wall in alpine region © Mark Fleischhauer​/​TU Dortmund
Case study on cooperation in risk management of natural hazards in the Alpine region (Processing: IRPUD)

In April 2021, the final report of ESPON-TITAN – Territorial Impacts of Natural Disasters was delivered to ESPON EGTC. Between September 2019 and March 2021, the ESPON-TITAN project partners analysed the territorial patterns of natural hazards and their direct and indirect economic impacts in Europe, supported by a vulnerability assessment, 8 regional case studies and a policy analysis. The project was completed by policy recommendations for considering territorial vulnerability and economic impacts of disasters into DRM/CCA strategies as part of an integrated spatial planning.

In ESPON-TITAN, four main natural hazards, which most heavily affect the European territory, were analysed, to be mentioned: (river) floods, windstorms, drought and earthquakes. The analysis of the distribution of aggregated hazards was based on the combination of normalised hazard indexes weighed with their cumulative damage costs in the period 1981-2010. As part of the findings, floods and storms outstand as hazards contributing to nearly 76% of the damage and losses, followed by droughts and earthquakes (24% both). The spatial distribution of the economic impacts (based on data of the period 1995-2017) indicates that Central and Eastern European (CEE) and South-Eastern European (SEE) countries tend to be relatively more affected by these natural hazards, in economic terms, than most of the rest of the European territory. Additionally, a territorial vulnerability assessment was developed at a European level. Results clearly show that Eastern and Southern European areas are the most vulnerable areas to natural hazards, which largely matches the key insights from the economic impact analysis.

Moreover, the project identified the policy and planning practice of DRM and CCA in Europe. The analysis, which was one of the main tasks of the IRPUD team, was based on a multi-methodological approach. A desk-top analysis, which focused on existing studies of DRM and CCA practices in Europe was combined with primary data from the case studies analysis (document analyses and expert interviews). Results showed that a multi-risk and criticality-oriented spatial approach to DRM that also includes the multiple dynamics of changing hazards, exposure and vulnerability is still not common. The research indicates that the effectiveness of instruments can be tackled by supporting innovations in the assessment as well as supporting the implementation of instruments.

ESPON-TITAN illustrated the findings through eight representative case studies, of which the Dresden region and the Alpine region case studies were undertaken by the IRPUD team. The case studies allowed the identification and description of successful cooperation mechanisms, qualitative contexts of DRM and CCA, and estimation of effectiveness of policies and instruments, which are always context-dependent due to the heterogeneity of legal-administrative systems and cultural settings throughout Europe.

Under the lead of the IRPUD team, the main outcomes were translated into policy recommendations, framing the political debate on how the potential impacts of natural hazards affect the territory and what the consequences of having coherent policies in place maybe, at the same time reinforcing the need of integrating DRM and CCA strategies into territorial planning instruments.

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The TU Dort­mund campus is located near the Dort­mund West interchange, where the A45 Sauerland line crosses the B1/A40 Ruhr expressway. The Dort­mund-Eichlinghofen exit on the A45 leads to the South Campus, the Dort­mund-Dorstfeld exit on the A40 leads to the North Campus. Coming from the A45, you can turn onto Stockumer Straße via Universitätsstraße. This in turn is connected to Baroper Straße, along which Campus South extends. If you take the exit of the A-40, the route via Emil-Figge Straße, Marie-Curie Allee to Baroper Straße makes sense. If you turn from Baroper Straße into August-Schmidt Straße, you have the possibility to reach the parking lot directly behind the GB III.

The South Campus is connected via Stockumerstraße by bus lines 440 and 449, which run every 10 minutes. Campus South can be reached on foot from the Am Gardenkamp stop, and the Eichlinghofen H-Bahn station is also located near the Eichlinghofen stop. The bus lines connect to the U42 light rail line at the Barop Parkhaus stop, which provides connections to the Dort­mund-Hombruch district and Dort­mund downtown. 

From Dort­mund-Eichlinghofen, the South Campus is connected to the H-Bahn network via the Eichlinghofen H-Bahn station. Line 1 runs here every 10 minutes, and the South Campus is served by the Campus Süd stop. 
A connection to Campus North is also provided via the H-Bahn. Line 2 shuttles between Campus North and Campus South every 5 minutes.

The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dort­mund Airport (DTM) to Dort­mund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dort­mund Central Station, you can continue to the uni­ver­si­ty campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of in­ter­na­tio­nal flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the uni­ver­si­ty station.

The facilities of TU Dort­mund University are spread over two campuses, the larger Campus North and the smaller Campus South. Additionally, some areas of the uni­ver­si­ty are located in the adjacent “Technologiepark”.

Site Map of TU Dort­mund University (Second Page in English).

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